Severe sepsis is sepsis, the blood infection, with an acute association organ failure. There are more than 18 million cases of severe sepsis every year, resulting in the formation of guidelines aimed to decrease sepsis related mortality in early 2004. A coalition to create greater awareness of severe sepsis and to encourage clinicians, physicians and government and health agencies to adopt the first ever sepsis treatment guidelines was formed by leading critical care specialists.
The guidelines were uncovered in February 2004 at the annual meeting of the Society of Critical Care Medicine. The guidelines were intended to help bedside clinicians improve patient outcome in cases of severe sepsis and septic shock. Because of the difficulty in quickly diagnosing severe sepsis, the coalition realized the importance of devoting more attention to the disease that has shown to be tough to identify until obvious symptoms emerge.
The common blood infection takes more lives than lung and breast cancer combined. In the United States alone, of the 750,000 people that develop sepsis every year, about 30 percent of them die. The international group revealed the guidelines as phase two of the campaign. Phase one was first initiated in October 2002 with an international declaration to improve survival in severe sepsis. Phase three will be dedicated to the use of the new sepsis management guidelines to evaluate their impact on clinical outcomes.
Mainly, the guidelines target earlier and more aggressive therapy, but in order for this to occur, identification of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock must be learned. A member of the executive committee for the Surviving Sepsis Campaign, R. Phillip Dellinger, MD, believes it is the subtle presentations and manifestations of sepsis that must be identified in order for early diagnoses of severe sepsis to help lower the mortality rate.
There are a number of severe sepsis therapies that include antibiotic therapy and fluid resuscitation that includes colloids or crystalloids, but the sepsis guidelines recommend other therapies if the approaches fail. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign hopes to reduce the number of sepsis related deaths by 25 percent in five years, which Dellinger believes is plausible and attainable.
The severe sepsis guidelines are the result of recent research showing benefits from potentially lifesaving strategies and have been created by specialists from 11 major medical societies on three continents. Key symptoms of severe sepsis outlined by the guidelines include high fever, elevated heart rate and low blood pressure, and experts advise aggressive treatment to begin before waiting the few days for test results to identify the specific germ because it could be too late by then.
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More Information on Sepsis:
» Bacterial Sepsis
» Cause of Sepsis
» Information on Sepsis
» Intraabdominal Sepsis
» MRSA Sepsis
» Sepsis Infection
» Sepsis Shock
» Sepsis Symptoms
» Sepsis Syndrome
» Sepsis Treatment
» Severe Sepsis
» Surviving Sepsis
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